The Free Online Memory Test

Yinhle kangakanani inkumbulo yakho?

Thatha #1 ukuhlola odokotela & nabacwaningi bayathemba. Ukutholwa kusenesikhathi zezinkinga zobuchopho ngemiphumela ebonisiwe ukukusiza ukuthi ubone izimpawu eziyisixwayiso, ngaphambi kokuba kube sekwephuzile kakhulu. I-MemTrax™ iyashesha, ilula, futhi ingasetshenziswa noma kuphi - nganoma yisiphi isikhathi.

100% Msebenzisi | Alikho Ikhadi Lesikweletu elidingekayo

Umsebenzisi we-memtrax wobufakazi ovela ku-minerva

"Sekuyiminyaka engu-8 ngisebenzisa lokhu futhi ikhasi lami lephrofayela ligcwele imiphumela emihle nemibi. Ukuqaphela ukuthambekela kwamaphuzu ami yinto engangingayilindele, ehlakaniphile kakhulu! UDkt. Ashford ube nomusa kakhulu ekuchazeni konke mayelana nalokhu kuhlolwa kwenkumbulo. . Zama lokhu."

UMinerva Gaynor

Izibalo zesikole samabanga aphezulu kanye ne-STEM
i-memtrax yomsebenzisi wobufakazi

"Ngiyabonga ngoDkt. Ashford kanye naleli qembu elimangalisayo. Ukuhlolwa kwe-MemTrax yizinga legolide lokulinganisa amakhono enkumbulo. Ungayithola kuwebhusayithi ye-Alzheimer's Foundation of America."

UCarole Carson

Umbhali, umnikeli wewebhusayithi ye-AARP
memtrax inkumbulo umhloli

"Lokhu ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo okuhle kakhulu okudlula kakhulu ukuhlolwa okuningi umuntu akuthola kuwebhu. Futhi, ngikuthola ukuhlolwa kujabulisa kakhulu futhi kuyinselele yangempela kuwena. Ngithathe umfutho wegazi lami njalo ukuze ngibone ukuthi inhliziyo yami iqhuba kanjani iminyaka, futhi manje ngisebenzisa i-MemTrax njalo ngiyabona ukuthi ubuchopho bami busebenza kanjani."

Jorge Manuel Ribeiro

umhlalaphansi
ukuhlolwa kwememori

100% Msebenzisi

Ukuphepha Okuthembekile

ukuhlolwa kwememori

Kuthenjwa Odokotela Abaphezulu

Emhlabeni jikelele

ukuhlolwa kwememori

Alikho Ikhadi Lesikweletu

Isivivinyo Samahhala Sengozi

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Kubandakanya Emhlabeni Wonke

+120 Ukuhunyushwa Kwezilimi

Kuthenjwa Odokotela Abaphezulu nabangenzi nzuzo

ukuhlolwa kwememori

UDkt. J. Wesson Ashford MD Ph,D.

I-Stanford Research & Veterans Affairs Hospital Psychiatrist

ukuhlolwa kwememori

UCharles Fuschillo Jr.

I-Alzheimer's Foundation of America

Umphathi Omkhulu

ukuhlolwa kwememori

UDkt. Amos Adare MD

I-Neurosurgeon

I-Neurosurgery e-Yale Medicine

I-Stanford IRB Research Memory Test
I-Alzheimers Foundation MemTrax Partnership
ukuhlolwa kwememori

Ukuhlolwa Kwenkumbulo Yokunakekelwa Okuthuthukisiwe

Thola Izinkinga Zobuchopho Ngokushesha

Hlola inkumbulo yakho kaningi, uthole okwangempela isithombe senkumbulo yakho ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.

Gcina Ithrekhi Yokulahleka Kwenkumbulo

Ukutholwa kusenesikhathi kubalulekile ukungenelela kusenesikhathi nokunakekelwa okungenzeka engeza iminyaka empilweni yakho.

Unlimited Memory Ukuhlolwa

Akukho ukulinda. Thatha izivivinyo zenkumbulo ezingenamkhawulo: 24 / 7 nganoma yisiphi isikhathi, noma iyiphi indawo.

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Funda kabanzi
amaqiniso e-alzheimer kanye ne-dementia

Izigaba Zokuwohloka Komqondo: Kungani Kubalulekile Ukuzazi

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I-MIND Diet Memory Loss

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Ukuhambela Impilo Yengqondo Nenkumbulo: Izinzuzo Ezimangalisayo

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Funda kabanzi
Umsebenzisi we-memtrax wobufakazi ovela ku-minerva

UMinerva Gaynor

Izibalo zesikole samabanga aphezulu kanye ne-STEM

"Sekuyiminyaka engu-8 ngisebenzisa lokhu futhi ikhasi lami lephrofayela ligcwele imiphumela emihle nemibi. Ukuqaphela ukuthambekela kwamaphuzu ami yinto engangingayilindele, ehlakaniphile kakhulu! UDkt. Ashford ube nomusa kakhulu ekuchazeni konke mayelana nalokhu kuhlolwa kwenkumbulo. . Zama lokhu."

i-memtrax yomsebenzisi wobufakazi

UCarole Carson

Umbhali, umnikeli wewebhusayithi ye-AARP

"Ngangingabaza ukwethembeka kwayo ... kodwa nganginephutha, ngakho-ke kufanele ngilungise irekhodi. Ukuhlolwa kwe-MemTrax yizinga legolide lokulinganisa amakhono enkumbulo. Ungayithola kuwebhusayithi ye-Alzheimer's Foundation of America ... " - Funda Isihloko - Chofoza LAPHA

memtrax inkumbulo umhloli

Jorge Manuel Ribeiro

Ilungu lokuqala le-MemTrax

"Lokhu ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo okuhle kakhulu okudlula kakhulu ukuhlolwa okuningi umuntu akuthola kuwebhu. Futhi, ngikuthola ukuhlolwa kujabulisa kakhulu futhi kuyinselele yangempela kuwena. Ngithathe umfutho wegazi lami njalo ukuze ngibone ukuthi inhliziyo yami iqhuba kanjani iminyaka, futhi manje ngisebenzisa i-MemTrax njalo ngiyabona ukuthi ubuchopho bami busebenza kanjani."

Ukuhlolwa Kwenkumbulo okwenzelwe ukulandelela isikhathi eside.

Our isithombe Memory Test kuyinto fun, kufushane, futhi kunolwazi nge enhle izithombe ezintsha njalo uma uzithatha kabusha.

Idizayini elula ukusebenzisa kanye nemiphumela yokuhlolwa kulula ukuyiqonda.

Ukuhlolwa Kwenkumbulo: Yinhle Kangakanani Inkumbulo Yakho?

Ingabe uke ukhathazeke ngokuthi inkumbulo yakho kancane kancane iqala ukwehluleka? Awuwedwa. Izigidi zabantu emhlabeni wonke ziyathinteka ukulahlekelwa inkumbulo, okuzokwanda kuphela njengoba inani labantu likhula. Ukulahlekelwa inkumbulo kungabangelwa izinto ezihlukahlukene, okuhlanganisa Isifo i-Alzheimer, unhlangothi, nokulimala ekhanda.

Izindaba ezinhle ukuthi kunezindlela zokuvimbela ukulahleka kwenkumbulo noma ukunciphisa ukuqhubeka kwayo. Enye indlela yokwenza lokhu ngokuthatha izivivinyo zememori ezijwayelekile. Ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo kungakusiza ukuthi ubone izindawo lapho inkumbulo yakho ingase ibe buthaka futhi usebenzele ekuthuthukiseni lawo makhono.

Izinhlobo eziningi zokuhlolwa kwenkumbulo ziyatholakala ku-inthanethi, futhi eziningi zikhululekile ukuzisebenzisa. Ngakho kungani ungazami eyodwa namuhla? Kungaba isinyathelo sokuqala sokulondoloza izinkumbulo zakho eziyigugu iminyaka eminingi ezayo!

Kuyini ukuhlola inkumbulo?

Ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo kuyindlela yokulinganisa ukusebenza kwenkumbulo yakho. Kuningi izinhlobo ezahlukene zenkumbulo ukuhlola, kodwa konke kuhilela ukuthi ukhumbule okuthile bese ucelwa ukuba ukukhumbule kamuva. Ukuhlolwa kwememori kungaxilonga izinkinga zememori, kulandelele izinguquko zememori ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, noma kuvele kubone ukuthi inkumbulo yakho ilungile kangakanani.

Yinhle kangakanani inkumbulo yakho?

Ukulahlekelwa inkumbulo kuyinkinga evamile njengoba sikhula, kodwa bewazi ukuthi Isifo i-Alzheimer siwuhlobo oluvame kakhulu lokuwohloka komqondo?

I-Alzheimer's Foundation inikeza ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo kwamahhala ukukusiza ukuthi ubone ukuthi inkumbulo yakho iyinhle kangakanani njengamanje. Lokhu kuhlolwa kungakusiza uqonde ubungozi bakho besifo i-Alzheimer's esizayo.

Ukuntuleka kokulala: lapho ungakalali ngokwanele, ucwaningo luye lwabonisa ukuthi lokhu kungase kuthinte kabi inkumbulo yakho.

Ukucindezeleka kanye/noma ukukhathazeka: imvamisa ukucindezeleka nokukhathazeka kubangelwa imizwa yokukhungatheka, futhi njengoba ingqondo izama ukubhekana nakho, kungenza kube nzima kakhulu kuwe ukugxilisa ingqondo nokukhumbula izinto.

Kuyini ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo yesikhashana?

Ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo yesikhashana kuwukuhlola okulinganisa ikhono lakho lokukhumbula ulwazi esikhathini esifushane. Ngokuvamile kuhilela ukukhumbula uhlu lwamagama noma izinombolo noma ukukhumbula imininingwane yendaba.

Kunezindlela eziningi ezahlukene zokuhlola inkumbulo yakho yesikhashana. Indlela eyodwa evamile ukuhlola ubude bezinombolo, okuhlanganisa ukuphinda uhlu lwezinombolo ukuya phambili nangemuva.

Kungani kubalulekile ukuhlola inkumbulo yakho yesikhashana?

Inkumbulo yakho yesikhashana ibalulekile emisebenzini yansuku zonke njengokukhumbula lapho upake khona imoto yakho noma ukukhumbula igama lomuntu osanda kuhlangana naye. Iphinde idlale indima ebalulekile ekufundeni ulwazi olusha.

Kuyini ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo yesikhathi eside?

Ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo yesikhathi eside ukuhlola okulinganisa ukuthi ungakhumbula kanjani ulwazi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. Ngokuvamile kuhlanganisa uhlu lwamagama noma imishwana okumelwe uyikhumbule, bese ucelwa ukuba uyikhumbule ngemva kwesikhathi esithile. Ukuhlolwa kungase kuhlanganise imisebenzi efana nokukhumbula indaba noma uhlu lwezinto.

Kungani kubalulekile ukuhlola inkumbulo yakho yesikhathi eside?

Kunezizathu eziningi zokuthi kungani ungase ufune ukuhlola inkumbulo yakho yesikhathi eside. Mhlawumbe ukhathazekile ngokuncipha kwengqondo noma nje ufuna ukwazi ukuthi inkumbulo yakho inhle kangakanani.

Free Memory Test

Uyazi ukuthi inkumbulo yakho inhle kangakanani? Ihlole ngalesi sivivinyo samahhala! Vele uphendule imibuzo embalwa futhi uthole ukuthi uzikhumbula kahle kangakanani izinto. Kunikezwa amafomu amaningi ukuze kuncishiswe umphumela wokuzilolonga ezigulini ezingase zihlole izikhathi ezingaphezu kwesisodwa futhi ziwusizo lapho kuhlolwa ngokushesha izinombolo ezinkulu zabantu ngasikhathi sinye.

Iyiphi indlela engcono kakhulu yokuhlola inkumbulo yakho?

Ziningi izindlela zokuhlola inkumbulo yakho. Ungazama ukuhlola ku-inthanethi noma ucele amalungu omndeni ukuthi akusize uhlole inkumbulo yakho. Ungazama futhi ukuhlola inkumbulo yakho nge- ukuhlolwa kwengqondo.

Ukuhlolwa Kokusebenza Kwenkumbulo Esebenzayo

Ukuhlolwa kokusebenza kwenkumbulo esebenzayo kuwukuhlola okuhlola ikhono lomuntu lokukhumbula nokucubungula ulwazi. Ukuhlola kuqukethe izingxenye ezintathu: ingxenye yokuqala ikala ikhono lomuntu lokukhumbula ulwazi, ingxenye yesibili ikala ikhono lomuntu lokucubungula ulwazi, kanti ingxenye yesithathu ikala ikhono lomuntu lokukhumbula ulwazi.

Ukuhlolwa kokusebenza kobuchopho obusebenzayo kuwukuhlola okuvame ukusetshenziselwa ukuhlola amakhono okuqonda. Ukuhlolwa kuyisibikezelo esihle sokuphumelela kwezemfundo futhi kuhlotshaniswa nezinyathelo zobuhlakani. Idizayini ilula ukuyisebenzisa, futhi imiphumela yokuhlolwa kulula ukuyiqonda.

Ukunqoba Izinkinga Zenkumbulo

Sonke siyazi ukuthi inkumbulo ibalulekile. Phela ngenye yezinto ezisenza sibe ngabantu. Kodwa kwenzekani lapho inkumbulo yethu iqala ukuhluleka?

Izinkinga eziningi zengqondo zingaholela ezinkingeni zobuchopho. Lokhu kubandakanya:

  • I-Alzheimer's
  • ukuwohloka komqondo
  • ukulimala ebuchosheni
  • unhlangothi

Ngenhlanhla, kunezindlela ezimbalwa zokuhlola lezi zinkinga. Futhi ngosizo lwemithi yesimanje, singazinqoba kaningi.

Ngakho-ke, uma ukhathazekile ngenkumbulo yakho, ungesabi ukuhlola. Kungaba isinyathelo sokuqala sobuchopho obunempilo.

Kungani futhi kanjani ukuthatha ukuhlolwa?

Ukuxhumana phakathi kwenkumbulo nokuguga kubhalwe kahle ocwaningweni. Njengoba sikhula, kuvamile ukuthi inkumbulo yethu yehle. Lokhu kungaba okuhlangenwe nakho okukhungathekisayo, kodwa kunezinto ongazenza ukuze usize ukugcina inkumbulo yakho ibukhali.

Enye indlela yokuhlala uphezulu nempilo yakho yengqondo ukuthatha isivivinyo somsebenzi wenkumbulo. Amasayithi amaningi anikeza izivivinyo zenkumbulo zamahhala ezithatha amaminithi ambalwa kuphela ukuqeda.

Lezi zivivinyo ziyindlela ejabulisayo yokubona ukuthi inkumbulo yakho inqwabelana kanjani, kodwa futhi zingasiza ekuboneni izimpawu zokuqala zokuwohloka komqondo noma okunye ukuncipha kwengqondo. Uma ubona ukwehla okukhulu kwesikolo sakho kusukela ekuhlolweni okukodwa kuya kokulandelayo, kufanele ukhulume nodokotela wakho.

Ithuluzi alikwazi ukuthatha indawo yeseluleko sezokwelapha, ukuxilongwa, noma ukwelashwa uchwepheshe wezokwelapha oqeqeshiwe.

Imibuzo Evame Ukubuzwa

Ngingayihlola kanjani inkumbulo yami?

Kunezindlela ezimbalwa ongahlola ngazo inkumbulo yakho. Enye indlela ukusebenzisa indlela yokuxhumana. Lokhu kusho ukwenza ukuxhumana phakathi kwalokho ofuna ukukukhumbula nento osuyazi kakade.

Indlela yokukhumbula imicimbi?

Kunezindlela ezahlukene zokubhekana nalokhu. Enye indlela iwukuzama futhi ucabange ngemininingwane eminingi ngangokunokwenzeka mayelana nomcimbi. Lokhu kuhlanganisa ukuthi ubani owayekhona, kwenzekani, lapho kwenzeka khona, njalo njalo. Uma ungacacisa, kuzoba lula ukukhumbula umcimbi.

Enye indlela yokubhekana nalokhu ukucabanga ngomcimbi njengendaba. Lokhu kusho ukucabanga ngokwenzeka ngaphambi nangemuva komcimbi kanye nabalingiswa abasemqoka abahilelekile. Lokhu kungakusiza ukhumbule umcimbi ngendlela eqondile, okungaba lula kwabanye abantu.

Kuyini ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo yamagama angu-5?

Ucwaningo olukule sayithi luvela emnyangweni wezengqondo eNyuvesi yaseWashington. Ukuhlola kubizwa ngokuthi ukuhlolwa kwenkumbulo "yokukhumbula mahhala".

Uboniswa uhlu lwamagama amahlanu imizuzwana emibili, bese ucelwa ukuthi ubhale phansi amagama amaningi ngendlela ongawakhumbula. Ngemva kwalokho, unikezwa olunye uhlu lwamagama amahlanu bese ucelwa ukuba ubhale phansi amagama amaningi ngendlela ongawakhumbula.

Ucwaningo lubonisa ukuthi abantu bangakhumbula amagama amaningi ohlwini lwesibili kunawokuqala. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi uhlu lokuqala lwamagama luthatha "indawo yenkumbulo yokusebenza" futhi luvimbela abantu ekukhumbuzeni amagama ohlwini lwesibili.

Yikuphi ukuhlolwa okungcono kakhulu kwenkumbulo?

Impendulo yalo mbuzo incike kulokho okufunayo ekuhlolweni kwenkumbulo. Uma ufuna ukuhlolwa okuvamile kwenkumbulo yakho, izivivinyo eziningi zobuhlakani zihlanganisa izinyathelo zokukhumbula. Lezi zivivinyo, nokho, zikunikeza kuphela isifinyezo samakhono akho amanje futhi azikwazi ukubikezela ukusebenza kwesikhathi esizayo noma izinguquko kumemori.

Ngazi kanjani uma inkumbulo yami ihluleka?

Kunezinkomba ezimbalwa ezibalulekile kanye nezimpawu okungenzeka ukuthi inkumbulo yakho ingasebenzi ngendlela ebikade isebenza ngayo. Enye ukuthi kufanele ucele kangaki abantu ukuthi baziphindaphinde noma bakunike ulwazi okufanele ulukhumbule kodwa ungalukhumbuli. Uma lokhu kwenzeka kaningi, kungase kubonise ukuthi inkumbulo yakho ayifani nakuqala.

Olunye uphawu lokuthi inkumbulo yakho ingase ishelele uma uqala ukukhohlwa izinto ezibalulekile, njengokuthi ubeke kuphi izikhiye zakho noma isikhathi sokuqokwa kwakho udokotela. Uma kufanele uthembele kumanothi nasezikhumbuzini kakhulu kunangaphambili, kungase kube isikhathi sokubonana nodokotela mayelana nenkumbulo yakho.

Udokotela angakwazi ukwenza izivivinyo zenkumbulo ezimbalwa ukuze athole ukuthi ukulahleka kwedatha yenkumbulo yakho kungenxa yokuguga okuvamile noma kuyinto ebucayi kakhulu. Lezi zivivinyo ngokuvamile zihlanganisa ukukhumbula izinhlu zamagama noma izinombolo futhi zingafaka phakathi imibuzo emayelana nemicimbi yakamuva.

Uma ukhathazekile ngokwelashwa kwenkumbulo yakho, into engcono kakhulu ongayenza ukukhuluma nodokotela wakho. Bangakusiza ukuthi unqume ukuthi ukulahlekelwa inkumbulo yakho kujwayelekile yini noma kuyinto edinga ukuphenywa.

Izinhlobo Zezinkumbulo

Kunezinhlobo eziningi zezinkumbulo. Lolu hlobo lwenkumbulo lufeza injongo ethile ekusisizeni sikhumbule ulwazi. Uma ungathanda ukufunda ngezinhlobo ezahlukene zenkumbulo ngokuningiliziwe singena kukho ngokujula okwengeziwe esihlokweni - Izinhlobo Ezihlukene Zenkumbulo.

I-Human Memory Systems

Inkumbulo yomuntu iyathakazelisa, futhi ososayensi basasebenzela ukuqonda izingqinamba namandla ayo. Inkumbulo ingahlukaniswa kabanzi ngezinhlobo ezintathu: inkumbulo yokusebenza, inkumbulo yesikhashana, kanye nenkumbulo yesikhathi eside.

Sisebenza kanjani inkumbulo yomuntu?

Inkumbulo esebenzayo yilapho ulwazi lucutshungulwa khona futhi lusetshenziswe ngendlela esebenzayo. Inkumbulo yesikhashana yilapho ulwazi lugcinwa khona okwesikhashana, isibonelo, lapho uphindaphinda inombolo yocingo kuwena ukuze ukwazi ukuyikhumbula. Inkumbulo yezinzwa ikhumbula ukwaziswa okutholwa ngezinzwa, njengokuzwakala kwezwi lothile noma ukubona ubuso. Uma sikhumbula izinkumbulo, ngokuvamile zidlula kuzo zonke lezi zigaba ngaphambi kokuba zigcinwe enkumbulweni yesikhathi eside.

Kuchazwa Inkumbulo Yesikhashana

Inkumbulo yesikhashana, eyaziwa nangokuthi inkumbulo yokusebenza, uhlobo lwenkumbulo olusivumela ukuthi sikhumbule futhi sicubungule ulwazi isikhathi esifushane. Le nkumbulo ibalulekile emisebenzini yansuku zonke njengokukhumbula inombolo yefoni isikhathi eside ngokwanele ukuyidayela noma ukukhumbula okudingeka ukuthenge esitolo segrosa.

Inkumbulo yesikhashana kukholakala ukuthi igcinwa ku-prefrontal cortex kanye ne-hippocampus yobuchopho. Umthamo wenkumbulo yesikhathi esifushane uzungeze izinto eziyisikhombisa, kanye noma khipha okubili. Lokhu kusho ukuthi umuntu ngokuvamile angakhumbula phakathi kwezinto ezinhlanu neziyisishiyagalolunye ngesikhathi esisodwa.

Ubude benkumbulo yesikhashana nabo kucatshangwa ukuthi bunomkhawulo. Omunye umbono uphakamisa ukuthi inkumbulo yesikhathi esifushane ingagcina ulwazi kuphela kufika kumasekhondi angu-30. Nokho, olunye ucwaningo luye lwabonisa ukuthi abantu bangakhumbula ukwaziswa isikhathi eside uma becelwa ukuba benze umsebenzi othile, njengokuphinda ulwazi ngokuzwakalayo noma ukulusebenzisela ukuxazulula inkinga.

Enye indlela yokucabanga ngenkumbulo yesikhashana ifana nencwajana yengqondo. Kusivumela ukuthi sibhale phansi izingcezu ezimbalwa zolwazi ukuze silusebenzise kamuva. Kodwa-ke, uma singaludlulisi ulwazi olusuka kumemori yethu yesikhashana luluyise kumemori yesikhathi eside, luzogcina lukhohlakale.

Kuchazwa Inkumbulo Yesikhathi Eside.

Kunezinhlobo ezintathu eziyinhloko zenkumbulo yesikhathi eside: izinkumbulo ze-semantic, ze-episodic, kanye nenqubo.

Inkumbulo ye-Semantic ibhekisela ekuqoqweni kolwazi olujwayelekile ngomhlaba. Lokhu kuhlanganisa ulwazi mayelana nemiqondo, imibono, namaqiniso. Le nkumbulo isazisa ukuthi siyini isitulo nokuthi sisetshenziswa kanjani.

Inkumbulo ye-Episodic ibhekisela kokuhlangenwe nakho kwethu siqu nezinkumbulo. Le nkumbulo isivumela ukuthi sikhumbule esikwenze izolo noma lapho siye eholidini ngonyaka odlule.

Inkumbulo yenqubo inesibopho sekhono lethu lokufunda amakhono amasha nokwenza imisebenzi ethile. Le nkumbulo isisiza ukuthi sibophe izicathulo zethu, sigibele ibhayisikili, noma sishayele imoto.

Zontathu izinhlobo zenkumbulo yesikhathi eside zibalulekile ezimpilweni zethu zansuku zonke. Ngaphandle kwenkumbulo ye-semantic, ngeke sikwazi ukuxhumana nabanye noma ukuqonda umhlaba osizungezile. Inkumbulo ye-Episodic ibalulekile enhlalakahleni yethu futhi isisiza ukuthi sixhumane nabanye. Inkumbulo yenqubo ibalulekile ekwenzeni imisebenzi eminingi esiyithatha kalula.

Nakuba zontathu izinhlobo zenkumbulo yesikhathi eside zibalulekile, inkumbulo ye-semantic ne-episodic iyona efundwe kahle kakhulu. Abacwaningi bakholelwa ukuthi inkumbulo yenqubo ingase ibe inselele kakhulu ukutadisha ngoba ngokuvamile icacile, okusho ukuthi asiwazi amakhono noma ulwazi esilutholile.

Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi i-semantic, i-episodic, noma inqubo, zonke izinkumbulo zesikhathi eside zigcinwa ebuchosheni. Indawo eqondile yalezi zinkumbulo ayikaziwa, kodwa ososayensi bakholelwa ukuthi zisakazwa kuyo yonke i-cortex. I-cortex iyingqimba yobuchopho engaphandle kakhulu futhi inesibopho semisebenzi eminingi yezinga eliphezulu, njengolimi nokwenza izinqumo.

Imisebenzi Yenkumbulo Esebenzayo Ichaziwe

Ungase ujwayele igama elithi "inkumbulo yokusebenza" kusukela ezinsukwini zakho esikoleni. Inkumbulo yokusebenza wuhlobo lwenkumbulo olukuvumela ukuthi ubambe ulwazi isikhathi eside ngokwanele ukuze ulusebenzise. Yilokho okukuvumela ukuthi ukhumbule inombolo yefoni isikhathi eside ngokwanele ukuyidayela noma ukhumbule umyalelo isikhathi eside ngokwanele ukuze uwulandele.

Ibalulekile emisebenzini yansuku zonke kodwa ingabaluleka ekilasini. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi abafundi kudingeka bakwazi ukukhumbula ulwazi isikhathi eside ngokwanele ukuze baluqonde futhi balusebenzise emsebenzini wabo.

Imemori yokusebenza, uhlobo lwenkumbulo olukuvumela ukuthi ubambe ulwazi isikhathi esifushane ukuze ukwazi ukulisebenzisa. Le nkumbulo ibalulekile emisebenzini yansuku zonke njengokukhumbula inombolo yocingo noma ukulandela imiyalelo.

Imemori yezinzwa

Izinkumbulo zezinzwa zikhumbula isipiliyoni sezinzwa, njengalokho esikubonayo, esikuzwayo, esikuzwayo, noma esihogelayo. Akubandakanyi ukucutshungulwa kokuqaphela futhi iphela ngokushesha ngaphandle kokuthi "ifakwe ikhodi" ibe yinkumbulo yesikhathi esifushane noma yesikhathi eside.

Inkumbulo Engaphelele

Izinkumbulo ezifihlekile, ezibuye zibizwe ngokuthi inkumbulo engasho lutho, iwuhlobo lwenkumbulo yesikhathi eside engadingi umcabango oqaphile ukuze ibuyise. Iwuhlobo lwenkumbulo esilusebenzisayo lapho senza amakhono noma imisebenzi eseyazenzakalela, njengokugibela ibhayisikili noma ukubopha izicathulo zethu.

Inkumbulo Ecacile

Inkumbulo esobala isho uhlobo lwenkumbulo yesikhathi eside esivumela ukuthi sikhumbule ulwazi ngokuqaphela. Izinkumbulo ezibekela sobala zihlanganisa izinkumbulo zabantu, izindawo, izehlakalo, nolwazi. Izinkumbulo ze-Semantic wuhlobo lwenkumbulo esobala egcina ulwazi olujwayelekile ngomhlaba, njengamagama amazwe noma inhloko-dolobha yase-United States. Inkumbulo ye-Episodic ingolunye uhlobo lwenkumbulo esobala egcina iziqephu ezithile noma izehlakalo ezimpilweni zethu, njengeholide elithile noma iphathi yosuku lokuzalwa.

I-Iconic Memory

Kuwuhlobo lwenkumbulo yezinzwa ephathelene nolwazi olubonwayo. Isazi sokusebenza kwengqondo esinengqondo u-Ulric Neisser waqala ukusiphakamisa ngo-1967. Uthole ukuthi ababambiqhaza bangasikhumbula ngokunembile isithombe ababesibone ama-millisecond ambalwa nje.

Nokho, inkumbulo yesakhiwo sodumo ayiphelele. Ucwaningo olwenziwa ngu-Sperling (1960) lwathola ukuthi abantu bangakhumbula kuphela izinto ezine ohlwini lweshumi nambili elethulwe imizuzwana embalwa.

Nakuba inkumbulo yethu eyisithombe ingaphelele, iseyingxenye ebalulekile yendlela esicubungula futhi sikhumbule ngayo ulwazi. Kusivumela ukuthi sigcine ngokushesha ulwazi olubonakalayo ukuze sikwazi ukulufinyelela ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.

I-Autobiographical Memory.

Inkumbulo ye-autobiographical iyinkumbulo yethu yezenzakalo ezithile ezenzeke kithi. Lolu hlobo lwenkumbulo ngokuvamile lucacile futhi lucacile. Singazikhumbula lezi zenzakalo 'ngobani, ini, kuphi, nini, futhi ngani. Izinkumbulo ze-autobiographical ngokuvamile zijabulisa- njengokuqabula kokuqala noma ukuthweswa iziqu. Kodwa futhi zingaba yingozi, njengengozi yemoto noma ukushona kothandekayo.

Inkumbulo Echoic.

Inkumbulo ye-Echoic iyinkumbulo yethu yezisusa ezizwakalayo- esikuzwayo. Kucatshangwa ukuthi ihlala imizuzwana emine. Lolu hlobo lwenkumbulo lubalulekile ezintweni ezifana nokulandela izingxoxo nokukhumbula imisindo eyisixwayiso. Ngokuvamile kuqhathaniswa nesiqophamazwi- kuthatha isikhashana nje ukugcina ulwazi.

Imibuzo Evame Ukubuzwa

Sizikhumbula kanjani izinkumbulo?

Kunezinhlobo ezintathu zenkumbulo: inkumbulo yamahhala, i-cued recall, kanye ne-serial recall. Lumosity, akukuhle.

Ukukhumbula mahhala yilapho sizama ukukhumbula uhlu lwezinto ngaphandle kwezimpawu. Ukukhumbula okucatshangelwayo yilapho sinikezwa ukwaziswa noma inkomba ukuze usisize sikhumbule ulwazi. I-serial recall yilapho kufanele sikhumbule izinto ngokulandelana okuthile.

Izifunda ezihlukene zobuchopho zinesibopho semisebenzi ehlukene yenkumbulo. I-hippocampus inesibopho sezinkumbulo zesikhathi eside nokuzulazula kwendawo. I-amygdala inesibopho sezinkumbulo ezingokomzwelo. I-prefrontal cortex inesibopho senkumbulo yokusebenza nokukhumbula inkumbulo yesikhashana.

Yiziphi izingxenye zobuchopho ezihlotshaniswa nokukhumbula inkumbulo?

I-hippocampus iyingxenye yobuchopho ehlotshaniswa kakhulu nokukhumbula inkumbulo. Le ndawo ye- ubuchopho bunomthwalo wemfanelo yokugcina izinkumbulo zesikhathi eside. I-amygdala ingenye ingxenye yobuchopho engathinta ukukhumbula inkumbulo. Le ndawo yobuchopho inesibopho sokuphendula kwemizwa futhi ingaba nomthelela endleleni umuntu akhumbula ngayo umcimbi.

Ingabe ezinye izinkumbulo zinembe kakhulu kunezinye?

Kuvela ukuthi kunezinhlobo ezahlukene zezinkumbulo, kanti ezinye zinembe kakhulu kunezinye. Isibonelo, ukukhumbula inkumbulo yilapho ungakwazi ukukhumbula okuthile ngaphandle kwanoma yiziphi izimpawu. Lolu hlobo lwenkumbulo ngokuvamile alunembile kakhulu kunezinye izinhlobo ngoba lusekelwe ekukhumbuleni kwakho umcimbi.

Ingabe singathuthukisa amakhono ethu okukhumbula inkumbulo?

Impendulo ithi yebo; singakwazi.

Ubuchopho bethu bucubungula izinhlobo ezintathu zolwazi lwezinzwa: okubukwayo, okuzwayo, kanye ne-kinesthetic. Uhlobo ngalunye lolwazi lwezinzwa lucutshungulwa ngendlela ehlukile ubuchopho bethu.

Inkumbulo yesikhathi esifushane ebonakalayo ibhekisela ezintweni esizibonayo. Ubuchopho bethu bucubungula ulwazi olubukwayo ngokwehlukile kunemininingwane yokuzwa noma ye-kinesthetic. Lapho sibona okuthile, ubuchopho bethu bakha umfanekiso ngayo engqondweni. Lesi sithombe somqondo sigcinwe kunkumbulo yethu yesikhashana ebonakalayo.

Inkumbulo yesikhashana esifushane ezwayo ibhekisela ezintweni esizizwayo. Eyethu Ubuchopho icubungula ulwazi lokuzwa ngendlela ehlukile kunolwazi olubonwayo noma lwe-kinesthetic. Lapho sizwa okuthile, ubuchopho bethu bumelela umsindo. Lokhu kumelwa kwengqondo kugcinwa enkumbulweni yethu yesikhashana yokuzwa.

Inkumbulo yesikhashana ye-Kinesthetic ibhekisela ezintweni esizizwayo. Ubuchopho bethu bucubungula ulwazi lwe-kinesthetic ngendlela ehlukile kunolwazi olubonakalayo noma lokuzwayo. Lapho thina ukuzwa okuthile, ubuchopho bethu bumele ngokubonakalayo umuzwa. Lokhu kumelela kwengqondo kugcinwa enkumbulweni yethu yesikhashana ye-kinesthetic.

Yiziphi izinhlobo ezahlukene zokukhumbula inkumbulo?

Enye indlela yokukhumbula inkumbulo inkumbulo yezithombe noma inkumbulo ye-eidetic. Lokhu kwenzeka lapho umuntu ekwazi ukukhumbula isithombe ngemininingwane eminingi ngemva kokusibona kanye kuphela. Kulinganiselwa ukuthi phakathi kwamaphesenti amabili nayishumi abantu abanaleli khono.

Olunye uhlobo lokukhumbula inkumbulo lubizwa ngokuthi imisebenzi eyinkimbinkimbi, ebhekisela ekhonweni lokukhumbula indlela yokwenza okuthile ngemva kokuyibona yenziwa kanye. Le nkumbulo ivame ukubonakala ebuntwaneni lapho izingane zifunda ukubopha izicathulo zazo noma ukugibela ibhayisikili.

Nokho, akuzona zonke izinkumbulo ezidalwe zilingana. Abanye imidlalo yezibalo epholile ingase isize ingqondo yakho. Abanye abantu bahlushwa ukungasebenzi kahle kwenkumbulo, okungenza kube nzima ukukhumbula ngisho nemisebenzi elula. Ukungasebenzi kahle kwenkumbulo kungabangelwa izici ezihlukahlukene, ezihlanganisa ubudala, ukuhlukumezeka, nezifo.

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