Uvavanyo lweMemori yasimahla kwi-Intanethi

Ilungile kangakanani inkumbulo yakho?

Thatha #1 uvavanyo oogqirha & nabaphandi bayathemba. Ukufumanisa kwangoko yeengxaki zobuchopho kunye neziphumo ezibonisiweyo ukukunceda ukuba ubone iimpawu ezilumkisayo, ngaphambi kokuba kube kade kakhulu. I-MemTrax™ iyakhawuleza, ilula, kwaye inokusetyenziswa naphina - nanini na.

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Umsebenzisi we-memtrax wobungqina ovela kwi-minerva

"Ndiye ndisebenzisa oku iminyaka eyi-8 kwaye iphepha lam leprofayili lizaliswe yimiphumo emihle kunye nemiphumo emibi. Ukuqaphela ukuhamba kwamanqaku am yinto endingayilindelanga, ingqiqo kakhulu! UDkt Ashford ube nobubele ekuchazeni yonke into malunga nolu vavanyo lwememori. . Khawuzame oku."

UMinerva Gaynor

Izibalo zeSikolo samaBanga aPhakamileyo kunye ne-STEM
Ubungqina bomsebenzisi we-memtrax

"Ndiyabulela ngoDkt. Ashford kunye neqela elimangalisayo. Uvavanyo lweMemTrax lumgangatho wegolide wokulinganisa izakhono zememori. Ungayifumana kwi-website ye-Alzheimer's Foundation of America."

UCarole Carson

Umbhali, umnikeli wewebhusayithi ye-AARP
umvavanyi wememori ye-memtrax

"Olu luvavanyo lwememori olugqwesileyo luphezulu kakhulu kuneemvavanyo ezininzi ezifunyanwa kwiwebhu. Kwakhona, ndilufumana uvavanyo lumnandi kakhulu kwaye lucelomngeni lokwenyani kuwe. Ndithathe uxinzelelo lwegazi rhoqo ukuze ndibone indlela intliziyo yam eqhuba ngayo iminyaka, kwaye ngoku ndisebenzisa iMemTrax rhoqo ndiyayibona indlela ingqondo yam eqhuba ngayo."

UJorge Manuel Ribeiro

umhlalaphantsi
uvavanyo lweememori

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UGqr. J. Wesson Ashford MD Ph,D.

UPhando lwaseStanford kunye noGqirha weNgqondo weSibhedlele seMicimbi yamaGqala

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UCharles Fuschillo Omnci.

I-Alzheimer's Foundation yaseMelika

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UGqr. Amos Adare MD

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I-Neurosurgery kwiYale Medicine

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Ukubona kwangethuba iingxaki zengqondo

Jonga inkumbulo yakho rhoqo, fumana yokwenyani umfanekiso wenkumbulo yakho ixesha elidlulele.

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Ukufumanisa kwangoko ibalulekile kungenelelo kwangethuba kunye nenkathalo enokuthi Yongeza iminyaka ebomini bakho.

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Intle kangakanani inkumbulo yakho? Uvavanyo lweMemori kuye wonke umntu

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Umsebenzisi we-memtrax wobungqina ovela kwi-minerva

UMinerva Gaynor

Izibalo zeSikolo samaBanga aPhakamileyo kunye ne-STEM

"Ndiye ndisebenzisa oku iminyaka eyi-8 kwaye iphepha lam leprofayili lizaliswe yimiphumo emihle kunye nemiphumo emibi. Ukuqaphela ukuhamba kwamanqaku am yinto endingayilindelanga, ingqiqo kakhulu! UDkt Ashford ube nobubele ekuchazeni yonke into malunga nolu vavanyo lwememori. . Khawuzame oku."

Ubungqina bomsebenzisi we-memtrax

UCarole Carson

Umbhali, umnikeli wewebhusayithi ye-AARP

"Ndandingabaza ukuthembeka kwayo ... kodwa ndandingalunganga, ngoko ke kufuneka ndibeke irekhodi ngqo. Uvavanyo lweMemTrax lumgangatho wegolide wokulinganisa izakhono zememori. Ungayifumana kwi-website ye-Alzheimer's Foundation of America ... " - Funda Inqaku - Cofa APHA

umvavanyi wememori ye-memtrax

UJorge Manuel Ribeiro

Ilungu lokuqala leMemTrax

"Olu luvavanyo lwememori olugqwesileyo luphezulu kakhulu kuneemvavanyo ezininzi ezifunyanwa kwiwebhu. Kwakhona, ndilufumana uvavanyo lumnandi kakhulu kwaye lucelomngeni lokwenyani kuwe. Ndithathe uxinzelelo lwegazi rhoqo ukuze ndibone indlela intliziyo yam eqhuba ngayo iminyaka, kwaye ngoku ndisebenzisa iMemTrax rhoqo ndiyayibona indlela ingqondo yam eqhuba ngayo."

Uvavanyo lweMemori olwenzelwe ukulandelela ixesha elide.

yethu picture Uvavanyo lweMemori fun, emfutshane, kwaye inolwazi nge entle imifanekiso emitsha ngalo lonke ixesha uphinda uyithathe.

Uyilo elula ukusebenzisa kunye neziphumo zovavanyo kulula ukuyiqonda.

Uvavanyo lweMemori: Intle kangakanani iMemori yakho?

Ngaba ukhe ube nexhala lokuba inkumbulo yakho ngokuthe ngcembe iqala ukusilela? AWUKHO wedwa. Izigidi zabantu ehlabathini lonke ziyachatshazelwa yile ukulahleka kwememori, eya kwanda kuphela njengoko abantu beminyaka yobudala. Ukulahlekelwa yinkumbulo kunokubangelwa zizinto ezahlukeneyo, eziquka isifo sika-Alzheimer, isifo sohlangothi, nokwenzakala entloko.

Iindaba ezimnandi kukuba kukho iindlela zokuthintela ukulahleka kwememori okanye ukucothisa ukuqhubeka kwayo. Enye indlela yokwenza oku kukwenza uvavanyo lwenkumbulo rhoqo. Uvavanyo lwenkumbulo lunokukunceda ukuba uchonge iindawo apho inkumbulo yakho inokuba buthathaka kwaye usebenze ekuphuculeni ezo zakhono.

Iindidi ezininzi zovavanyo lwenkumbulo ziyafumaneka kwi-intanethi, kwaye ezininzi zikhululekile ukuzisebenzisa. Ngoko kutheni ungazami omnye namhlanje? Isenokuba linyathelo lokuqala lokulondoloza iinkumbulo zakho ezixabisekileyo kwiminyaka ezayo!

Yintoni uvavanyo lwenkumbulo?

Uvavanyo lwenkumbulo yindlela yokulinganisa ukusebenza kwememori yakho. Zininzi iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zememori iimvavanyo, kodwa zonke zibandakanya ukuba ukhumbule into kwaye ucelwe ukuba uyikhumbule kamva. Iimvavanyo zememori zinokufumanisa iingxaki zememori, zilandelele iinguqu kwimemori ekuhambeni kwexesha, okanye zibone nje ukuba imemori yakho ilungile kangakanani.

Ilungile kangakanani inkumbulo yakho?

Ukulahlekelwa yinkumbulo yingxaki eqhelekileyo njengoko sikhula, kodwa ubusazi ukuba i-Alzheimer's Disease lolona hlobo luxhaphakileyo lwe-dementia?

I-Alzheimer's Foundation inikezela ngovavanyo lwememori lwasimahla ukukunceda ubone ukuba ilungile kangakanani inkumbulo yakho ngoku. Olu vavanyo lunokukunceda ukuba uqonde umngcipheko wakho we-Alzheimer's.

Ukungabikho kokulala: xa ungakhange ulale ngokwaneleyo, uphando lubonise ukuba oku kunokuyichaphazela kakubi imemori yakho.

Ukuxinezeleka kunye / okanye ukuxhalaba: ngokuqhelekileyo uxinzelelo kunye nokuxhalaba kubangelwa iimvakalelo zokukhathazeka, kwaye njengoko ingqondo izama ukujamelana nayo, inokwenza kube nzima ukuba ugxininise kwaye ukhumbule izinto.

Yintoni uvavanyo lwenkumbulo yexesha elifutshane?

Uvavanyo lwenkumbulo yexesha elifutshane luvavanyo olulinganisa ukukwazi kwakho ukukhumbula ulwazi ngexesha elifutshane. Ngokuqhelekileyo kubandakanya ukukhumbula uludwe lwamagama okanye amanani okanye ukukhumbula iinkcukacha zebali.

Zininzi iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokuvavanya inkumbulo yakho yexesha elifutshane. Enye indlela esemgangathweni luvavanyo lwe-digit span, olubandakanya ukuphinda uluhlu lwamanani ukuya phambili nasemva.

Kutheni kubalulekile ukuvavanya inkumbulo yakho yexesha elifutshane?

Inkumbulo yakho yexesha elifutshane ibalulekile kwimisebenzi yemihla ngemihla njengokukhumbula apho umise khona imoto yakho okanye ukhumbula igama lomntu osandul’ ukudibana naye. Ikwadlala indima ebalulekileyo ekufundeni ulwazi olutsha.

Yintoni uvavanyo lwenkumbulo yexesha elide?

Uvavanyo lwenkumbulo yexesha elide luvavanyo olulinganisa ukuba unokukhumbula kangakanani ulwazi ekuhambeni kwexesha. Idla ngokuquka uludwe lwamagama okanye amabinzana omele uwakhumbule, uze ucelwe ukuba uwakhumbule emva kwexesha elithile. Uvavanyo lungabandakanya imisebenzi efana nokukhumbula ibali okanye uluhlu lwezinto.

Kutheni kubalulekile ukuvavanya inkumbulo yakho yexesha elide?

Kukho izizathu ezininzi zokuba kutheni ungafuna ukuvavanya imemori yakho yexesha elide. Mhlawumbi unenkxalabo malunga nokuncipha kwengqondo okanye ufuna nje ukwazi ukuba inkumbulo yakho ilungile kangakanani.

Uvavanyo lweMemori yasimahla

Ngaba uyazi ukuba inkumbulo yakho ilungile? Yivavanye ngolu vavanyo lwasimahla! Phendula nje imibuzo embalwa kwaye ufumanise ukuba uzikhumbula kakuhle kangakanani izinto. Iifom ezininzi zibonelelwa ukunciphisa isiphumo sokuziqhelanisa kwizigulane ezinokuthatha uvavanyo ngaphezulu kwesinye kwaye ziluncedo xa kuhlolwa ngokukhawuleza amanani amakhulu abantu ngaxeshanye.

Yeyiphi eyona ndlela yokuvavanya inkumbulo yakho?

Zininzi iindlela zokuvavanya imemori yakho. Unokuzama ukwenza uvavanyo kwi-intanethi okanye ucele amalungu osapho akuncede uvavanye imemori yakho. Ungazama nokuvavanya imemori yakho nge uvavanyo lwengqondo.

Uvavanyo lokuSebenza kweMemori

Uvavanyo lwenkumbulo yokusebenza luvavanyo oluvavanya ukukwazi komntu ukukhumbula nokwenza ulwazi. Olu vavanyo lunamacandelo amathathu: inxalenye yokuqala ilinganisa ukukwazi komntu ukukhumbula ulwazi, inxalenye yesibini ilinganisa ubuchule bomntu bokwenza ulwazi, yaye inxalenye yesithathu ilinganisa ukukwazi komntu ukukhumbula ulwazi.

Uvavanyo lokusebenza kwengqondo luvavanyo oluqhelekileyo olusetyenziselwa ukuvavanya amandla okuqonda. Uvavanyo luqikelelo olulungileyo lwempumelelo kwizifundo kwaye lunxibelelene nemilinganiselo yobukrelekrele. Uyilo lulula ukulusebenzisa, kwaye iziphumo zovavanyo ziqondakala lula.

Ukoyisa iingxaki zeMemori

Sonke siyazi ukuba inkumbulo ibalulekile. Ngapha koko, yenye yezinto ezisenza abantu. Kodwa kwenzeka ntoni xa inkumbulo yethu iqala ukusilela?

Imiba emininzi yengqondo inokukhokelela kwiingxaki zengqondo. Ezi ziquka:

  • Alzheimer's
  • ngqondweni
  • ukulimala kwengqondo
  • ukubetha

Ngethamsanqa, kukho iindlela ezininzi zokuvavanya le miba. Yaye ngoncedo lwamayeza anamhlanje, ngokufuthi sinokuzoyisa.

Ke, ukuba unexhala malunga nenkumbulo yakho, ungoyiki ukwenza uvavanyo. Isenokuba linyathelo lokuqala ukuya kwingqondo ephilileyo.

Kutheni kwaye njani ukwenza uvavanyo?

Unxibelelwano phakathi kwenkumbulo kunye nokuguga kubhalwe kakuhle kuphando. Njengoko sikhula, kuyinto eqhelekileyo ukuba iinkumbulo zethu zinciphe. Oku kunokuba ngamava aphazamisayo, kodwa kukho izinto onokuzenza ukuze ugcine imemori yakho ibukhali.

Enye indlela yokuhlala uphezulu kwimpilo yakho yengqondo kukuthatha uvavanyo lomsebenzi wememori. Iindawo ezininzi zibonelela ngeemvavanyo zememori zasimahla ezithatha nje imizuzu embalwa ukugqiba.

Olu vavanyo luyindlela eyonwabisayo yokubona ukuba imemori yakho igcina njani, kodwa inokunceda ukubona iimpawu zokuqala zesifo sengqondo esixhalabisayo okanye okunye ukuhla kwengqondo. Ukuba ubona ukwehla okukhulu kumanqaku akho ukusuka kolunye uvavanyo ukuya kolunye, kufuneka uthethe nogqirha wakho.

Isixhobo asikwazi ukuthatha indawo yengcebiso yezonyango, ukuxilongwa, okanye unyango ngugqirha oqeqeshiweyo.

FAQ

Ndingayivavanya njani inkumbulo yam?

Kukho iindlela ezimbalwa zokuvavanya imemori yakho. Enye indlela kukusebenzisa indlela yoqhagamshelwano. Oku kuthetha ukwenza unxibelelwano phakathi kwento ofuna ukuyikhumbula kunye nento osele uyazi.

Indlela yokukhumbula iziganeko?

Kukho iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokuhlangabezana nale nto. Enye indlela kukuzama ukucinga ngeenkcukacha ezininzi kangangoko kunokwenzeka ngesiganeko. Oku kuquka ukuba ngubani owayekho, kwenzeka ntoni, apho yenzeka khona, njalo njalo. Okukhona uthetha ngokuthe ngqo, kokukhona kuya kuba lula ukusikhumbula eso siganeko.

Enye indlela yokwenza oku kukucinga ngesiganeko njengebali. Oku kuthetha ukucinga ngokwenzekileyo ngaphambi nasemva kwesiganeko kunye nabalinganiswa abaphambili ababandakanyekayo. Oku kunokukunceda ukhumbule isiganeko ngokuthe ngqo, nto leyo enokuba lula kwabanye abantu.

Yintoni uvavanyo lwenkumbulo yamagama ama-5?

Uphando kule ndawo luvela kwisebe lezengqondo kwiYunivesithi yaseWashington. Uvavanyo lubizwa ngokuba luvavanyo lwememori "yasimahla".

Uboniswa uluhlu lwamagama amahlanu imizuzwana emibini, emva koko ucelwe ukuba ubhale phantsi uninzi lwamagama njengoko unokuwakhumbula. Emva koko, unikwa olunye uluhlu lwamagama amahlanu kwaye ucelwe ukuba ubhale phantsi uninzi lwamagama njengoko unokuwakhumbula.

Uphando lubonisa ukuba abantu banokukhumbula amagama amaninzi kuluhlu lwesibini kunalokuqala. Oku kungenxa yokuba uluhlu lokuqala lwamagama luthatha "isithuba sememori esebenzayo" kwaye luthintela abantu ekukhumbuzeni amagama akuluhlu lwesibini.

Loluphi olona vavanyo lwenkumbulo?

Impendulo yalo mbuzo ixhomekeke kwinto oyifunayo kuvavanyo lwememori. Ukuba ujonge uvavanyo jikelele lwenkumbulo yakho, inani lovavanyo lobukrelekrele libandakanya imilinganiselo yememori. Ezi mvavanyo, nangona kunjalo, zikunika kuphela umfanekiso wezakhono zakho zangoku kwaye azikwazi ukuqikelela ukusebenza kwexesha elizayo okanye utshintsho kwimemori.

Ndazi njani ukuba inkumbulo yam ayisebenzi?

Kukho izalathi ezingundoqo ezimbalwa kunye neempawu ezinokuthi inkumbulo yakho ingasebenzi njengoko ibisenza ngaphambili. Enye yeyokuba kufuneka ucele abantu ukuba baziphinde okanye bakunike ulwazi ofanele ulukhumbule kodwa ungalukhumbuli. Ukuba oku kuyenzeka rhoqo, kunokubonisa ukuba inkumbulo yakho ayiseyiyo le ibikade iyiyo.

Olunye uphawu lokuba inkumbulo yakho inokutyibilika kukuba uqala ukulibala izinto ezibalulekileyo, njengendawo osibeke kuyo izitshixo zakho okanye ixesha lokubonana nogqirha wakho. Ukuba kufuneka uthembele kumanqaku kunye nezikhumbuzi ngaphezu kokuba ubuqhele ukwenza, inokuba lixesha lokubona ugqirha malunga nenkumbulo yakho.

Ugqirha unokulawula iimvavanyo ezininzi zememori ukufumanisa ukuba ilahleko yedatha yememori yakho ibangelwa kukwaluphala okuqhelekileyo okanye ukuba yinto enzima kakhulu. Olu vavanyo ludla ngokubandakanya uluhlu lokukhumbula amagama okanye amanani kwaye lunokubandakanya imibuzo malunga neziganeko zamva nje.

Ukuba unenkxalabo ngonyango lwakho lwenkumbulo, eyona nto ingcono onokuyenza kukuthetha nogqirha wakho. Banokukunceda ukuba ubone ukuba ukulahlekelwa kwimemori yakho kuqhelekileyo okanye ukuba yinto efuna ukuphandwa ngakumbi.

Iintlobo zeenkumbulo

Kukho iintlobo ezininzi zeenkumbulo. Olu hlobo lwenkumbulo lusebenza injongo ethile ekusincedeni sikhumbule ulwazi. Ukuba ungathanda ukufunda malunga neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zememori ngokweenkcukacha siya kuyo ngokunzulu ngakumbi kwinqaku - Iindidi ezahlukeneyo zeMemori.

IiNkqubo zeMemori yoMntu

Inkumbulo yomntu iyamangalisa, kwaye izazinzulu zisasebenza ukuqonda izinto ezingaqondakaliyo kunye nobuchule bayo. Inkumbulo inokwahlulwa ngokubanzi ibe ziindidi ezintathu: inkumbulo yokusebenza, inkumbulo yexesha elifutshane, kunye nenkumbulo yexesha elide.

Isebenza njani inkumbulo yomntu?

Imemori esebenzayo kulapho ulwazi lusetyenzwa ngokusebenzayo kwaye lusetyenziswa. Inkumbulo yexesha elifutshane kulapho ulwazi lugcinwa khona okwexeshana, umzekelo, xa uphinda inombolo yomnxeba kuwe ukuze ukwazi ukuyikhumbula. Inkumbulo yeemvakalelo ikhumbula inkcazelo eqondwa ngezamvo, njengesandi selizwi lomntu okanye ukubona ubuso. Xa sikhumbula iinkumbulo, zihlala zidlula kuzo zonke ezi zigaba ngaphambi kokuba zigcinwe kwimemori yexesha elide.

Inkumbulo yexesha elifutshane icacisiwe

Inkumbulo yexesha elifutshane, ekwabizwa ngokuba yinkumbulo esebenzayo, luhlobo lwenkumbulo olusivumela ukuba sikhumbule kwaye siqhube ulwazi ixesha elifutshane. Le nkumbulo ibalulekile kwimisebenzi yemihla ngemihla njengokukhumbula inombolo yefowuni ixesha elide ngokwaneleyo ukuyicofa okanye ukukhumbula into ekufuneka uyithenge kwivenkile yokutya.

Inkumbulo yexesha elifutshane kukholelwa ukuba igcinwe kwi-prefrontal cortex kunye ne-hippocampus yengqondo. Umthamo wenkumbulo yexesha elifutshane ujikeleze izinto ezisixhenxe, dibanisa okanye thabatha ezimbini. Oku kuthetha ukuba umntu unokukhumbula phakathi kwezinto ezintlanu ukuya kwezilithoba ngaxeshanye.

Ubude benkumbulo yexesha elifutshane bukwacingelwa ukuba bulinganiselwe. Enye ithiyori icebisa ukuba inkumbulo yexesha elifutshane inokugcina ulwazi ukuya kuthi ga kwimizuzwana engama-30. Noko ke, olunye uphando luye lwabonisa ukuba abantu banokukhumbula inkcazelo kangangexesha elide xa becelwa ukuba benze umsebenzi othile, njengokuphinda loo nkcazelo ngokuvakalayo okanye ukuyisebenzisela ukucombulula ingxaki ethile.

Enye indlela yokucinga ngenkumbulo yexesha elifutshane ifana nencwadana yokubhala engqondweni. Kusivumela ukuba sibhale phantsi iinkcukacha ezimbalwa ukuze sizisebenzise kamva. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba asiludluliseli ulwazi olusuka kwinkumbulo yethu yexesha elifutshane ukuya kwinkumbulo yexesha elide, luya kulibaleka ekugqibeleni.

Inkumbulo yexesha elide icacisiwe.

Kukho iintlobo ezintathu eziphambili zememori yexesha elide: iinkumbulo zesemantic, ze-episodic, kunye nenkqubo.

Inkumbulo yeSemantic ibhekisa kwingqokelela yolwazi jikelele malunga nehlabathi. Oku kubandakanya ulwazi malunga neengqikelelo, izimvo, kunye nezibakala. Le nkumbulo isenza sazi ukuba yintoni isitulo kunye nendlela yokusisebenzisa.

Inkumbulo ye-episodic ibhekisa kumava ethu obuqu kunye neenkumbulo. Le nkumbulo isenza sikwazi ukukhumbula into esiyenze izolo okanye apho siye eholideyini kunyaka ophelileyo.

Inkumbulo yenkqubo inoxanduva lokukwazi kwethu ukufunda izakhono ezitsha kunye nokwenza imisebenzi ethile. Le nkumbulo isinceda sibophe izihlangu zethu, sikhwele ibhayisekile, okanye siqhube imoto.

Zontathu iindidi zenkumbulo yexesha elide zibalulekile kubomi bethu bemihla ngemihla. Ngaphandle kwememori ye-semantic, asikwazi ukunxibelelana nabanye okanye ukuqonda ihlabathi elisingqongileyo. Inkumbulo ye-episodic ibalulekile kwimpilo yethu kwaye isinceda sinxibelelane nabanye. Inkumbulo yenkqubo ibalulekile ekwenzeni uninzi lwemisebenzi esiyithatha lula.

Ngelixa zonke iintlobo ezintathu zememori yexesha elide zibalulekile, inkumbulo ye-semantic kunye ne-episodic yeyona ifundwe kakuhle. Abaphandi bakholelwa ukuba imemori yenkqubo inokuba ngumngeni ngakumbi ekufundeni kuba ihlala icacile, oku kuthetha ukuba asiyazi izakhono okanye ulwazi esilufumeneyo.

Nokuba i-semantic, i-episodic, okanye inkqubo, zonke iinkumbulo zexesha elide zigcinwa kwingqondo. Indawo echanekileyo yezi nkumbulo ayaziwa, kodwa izazinzulu zikholelwa ukuba zisasazwe kuyo yonke i-cortex. I-cortex ngumaleko ongaphandle kwengqondo kwaye inoxanduva lwemisebenzi emininzi ephezulu, efana nolwimi kunye nokwenza izigqibo.

Imisebenzi yeMemori eSebenzayo icacisiwe

Usenokuba uqhelene negama elithi “inkumbulo yokusebenza” kwiintsuku zakho zasesikolweni. Imemori yokusebenza luhlobo lwenkumbulo ekuvumela ukuba ubambe ulwazi ixesha elide ngokwaneleyo ukuze uyisebenzise. Yinto ekuvumela ukuba ukhumbule inombolo yefowuni ixesha elide ngokwaneleyo ukuyicofa okanye ukhumbule umyalelo omde ngokwaneleyo ukuba uwulandele.

Ibalulekile kwimisebenzi yemihla ngemihla kodwa inokuba yimfuneko eklasini. Kungenxa yokuba abafundi kufuneka bakwazi ukukhumbula ulwazi ixesha elide ngokwaneleyo ukuze baluqonde kwaye balusebenzise kumsebenzi wabo.

Imemori yokusebenza, luhlobo lwenkumbulo ekuvumela ukuba ubambe ulwazi ixesha elifutshane ukuze ukwazi ukulisebenzisa. Le nkumbulo ibalulekile kwimisebenzi yemihla ngemihla njengokukhumbula inombolo yefowuni okanye ukulandela imiyalelo.

Inkumbulo yeemvakalelo

Iinkumbulo ezingevayo zisikhumbuza ngamava eemvakalelo, njengaloo nto siyibonayo, siyivayo, siyivayo okanye siyijongileyo. Ayibandakanyi ukusetyenzwa kwengqondo kwaye iphela ngokukhawuleza ngaphandle kokuba "ifakwe kwikhowudi" kwimemori yexesha elifutshane okanye ixesha elide.

Inkumbulo Engafihliyo

Iinkumbulo ezifihlakeleyo, ezikwabizwa ngokuba yinkumbulo engachazwanga, luhlobo lwenkumbulo yexesha elide engadingi ingcinga zingqondweni ukuze iphinde ibuye. Luhlobo lwenkumbulo esiyisebenzisayo xa sisenza izakhono okanye imisebenzi eye yazenzekela, njengokukhwela ibhayisekile okanye ukubopha izihlangu zethu.

Inkumbulo ecacileyo

Inkumbulo ecacileyo ibhekisa kuhlobo lwenkumbulo yexesha elide esivumela ukuba sikhumbule ulwazi ngononophelo. Iinkumbulo ezicacileyo ziquka iinkumbulo zabantu, iindawo, iziganeko, kunye namava. Iinkumbulo zeSemantic luhlobo lwenkumbulo ecacileyo egcina ulwazi jikelele malunga nehlabathi, njengamagama amazwe okanye i-United States' capital. Inkumbulo ye-Episodic lolunye uhlobo lwenkumbulo ecacileyo egcina iziqendu okanye iziganeko ezithile kubomi bethu, njengeholide ethile okanye itheko lokuzalwa.

Inkumbulo ye-Iconic

Luhlobo lwenkumbulo yoluvo oluphathelele kulwazi olubonwayo. Isazi ngengqondo yengqondo u-Ulric Neisser waqala ukuyiphakamisa ngo-1967.

Nangona kunjalo, inkumbulo ye-iconic ayifezekanga. Uphononongo olwenziwa nguSperling (1960) lwafumanisa ukuba abantu banokukhumbula kuphela malunga nezinto ezine kuluhlu lweshumi elinesibini elinikezelwe nje imizuzwana embalwa.

Ngelixa inkumbulo yethu yomfanekiso ingafezekanga, iseyinxalenye ebalulekileyo yendlela esiqhuba ngayo kwaye sikhumbule ulwazi. Ivumela ukuba sigcine ngokukhawuleza ulwazi olubonakalayo ukuze sikwazi ukufikelela kuyo kamva.

Autobiographical Memory.

Inkumbulo ye-autobiographical yinkumbulo yethu yeziganeko ezithile ezenzeke kuthi. Olu hlobo lwenkumbulo luhlala lucacile kwaye lucacile. Sinokuzikhumbula ezi ziganeko 'ngubani, ntoni, phi, nini, yaye ngoba. Iinkumbulo ze-autobiographical zihlala zivuya- njengokuncamisa kokuqala okanye ukuphumelela. Kodwa zinokuba yingozi, njengengozi yemoto okanye ukufelwa ngumntu omthandayo.

Inkumbulo ye-Echoic.

Inkumbulo ye-echoic yinkumbulo yethu yezivuseleli ezivayo- oko sikuvayo. Kucingelwa ukuba inokuhlala ukuya kuthi ga kwimizuzwana emine. Olu hlobo lwenkumbulo lubalulekile kwizinto ezifana nokulandela iincoko kunye nokukhumbula izandi ezilumkisayo. Idla ngokuthelekiswa neteyiphu rekhoda- kuthatha nje imizuzwana embalwa ukugcina ulwazi.

FAQ

Sizikhumbula njani iinkumbulo?

Kukho iintlobo ezintathu zeememori: ukukhumbula simahla, ukukhumbula okucoliweyo, kunye nokukhumbula okulandelelanayo. Ukukhanya, ayilungile.

Ukukhumbula simahla kuxa sizama ukukhumbula uluhlu lwezinto ngaphandle kweempawu. Ukukhumbula ngokukhawuleza kuxa sinikwa ngokukhawuleza okanye icebiso lokusinceda sikhumbule ulwazi. Ukukhumbula uthotho kuxa kufuneka sikhumbule izinto ngolandelelwano oluthile.

Imimandla yobuchopho eyahlukeneyo inoxanduva lwemisebenzi eyahlukeneyo yenkumbulo. I-hippocampus inoxanduva lokukhumbula ixesha elide kunye nokuhamba kwendawo. I-amygdala inoxanduva lweenkumbulo zengqondo. I-prefrontal cortex inoxanduva lwememori yokusebenza kunye nokukhumbula inkumbulo yexesha elifutshane.

Ngawaphi amalungu obuchopho anxulunyaniswa nokukhumbula inkumbulo?

Ihippocampus yinxalenye yengqondo enxulunyaniswa kakhulu nokukhumbula inkumbulo. Le ndawo ye ingqondo inoxanduva ukugcina iinkumbulo ixesha elide. I-amygdala yenye inxalenye yengqondo enokuchaphazela ukukhumbula imemori. Le ndawo yengqondo inoxanduva lokuphendula ngokweemvakalelo kwaye inokuchaphazela indlela umntu akhumbula ngayo isiganeko.

Ngaba ezinye iinkumbulo zichaneke ngakumbi kunezinye?

Kuyavela ukuba kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zeenkumbulo, kwaye ezinye zichaneke ngakumbi kunezinye. Umzekelo, ukukhumbula inkumbulo kuxa unokukhumbula into ngaphandle kweempawu. Olu hlobo lwenkumbulo luhlala luchaneka kancinci kunezinye iindidi kuba lusekwe kwinkumbulo yakho yesiganeko.

Ngaba sinokubuphucula ubuchule bethu bokukhumbula inkumbulo?

Impendulo nguewe; singa.

Ubuchopho bethu busebenza kwiintlobo ezintathu zenkcazelo yeemvakalelo: ebonwayo, eyevayo, neyengqondo. Uhlobo ngalunye lolwazi lweemvakalelo lusetyenzwa ngokwahlukileyo bubuchopho bethu.

Inkumbulo yexesha elifutshane ebonwayo ibhekisa kwizinto esizibonayo. Ubuchopho bethu busebenza ngolwazi olubonakalayo ngokwahlukileyo kunolwazi lokuva okanye lwe-kinesthetic. Xa sibona into ethile, ingqondo yethu yenza umfanekiso wayo engqondweni. Lo mfanekiso wengqondo ugcinwe kwinkumbulo yethu yesikhashana ebonwayo.

Inkumbulo yexesha elifutshane yokuvayo ibhekisa kwizinto esizivayo. Yethu ngengqondo uqhuba ulwazi oluvayo ngokwahlukileyo kunolwazi olubonwayo okanye lwekinesthetic. Xa sisiva into ethile, ingqondo yethu imela isandi. Oku kubonakaliswa kwengqondo kugcinwa kwimemori yethu yexesha elifutshane lokuva.

Inkumbulo yexesha elifutshane yeKinesthetic ibhekisa kwizinto esizivayo. Ingqondo yethu isebenza ngolwazi lwekinesthetic ngokwahlukileyo kunolwazi olubonakalayo okanye oluvakalayo. Xa thina Yiva into ethile, ingqondo yethu imele ngokubonakalayo imvakalelo. Oku kubonakaliswa kwengqondo kugcinwa kwimemori yethu ye-kinesthetic yexesha elifutshane.

Zeziphi iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zokukhumbula inkumbulo?

Enye indlela yokukhumbula inkumbulo yinkumbulo yeefoto okanye imemori ye-eidetic. Oku kwenzeka xa umntu ekhumbula umfanekiso ngokweenkcukacha emva kokuwubona kube kanye kuphela. Kuqikelelwa ukuba phakathi kwesibini neshumi ekhulwini labantu abanale mandla.

Olunye uhlobo lokukhumbula inkumbulo lubizwa ngokuba yimisebenzi entsonkothileyo, ebhekisa ekukwazini ukukhumbula indlela yokwenza into emva kokuyibona yenziwe kanye. Le nkumbulo idla ngokubonwa ebuntwaneni xa abantwana befunda ukubopha izihlangu zabo okanye ukukhwela ibhayisekile.

Nangona kunjalo, ayizizo zonke iinkumbulo ezenziwe ngokulinganayo. Abanye imidlalo yezibalo epholileyo inokunceda ingqondo yakho. Abanye abantu banengxaki yokungasebenzi kakuhle kwenkumbulo, nto leyo enokwenza kube nzima ukukhumbula kwanemisebenzi elula. Ukungasebenzi kakuhle kwenkumbulo kunokubangelwa zizinto ezahlukahlukeneyo, kuquka iminyaka, ukwenzakala nezifo.

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