Iyo Yemahara Online Memory Muedzo

Kurangarira kwako kwakanaka sei?

Tora iyo #1 bvunzo vanachiremba & vaongorori vanovimba. Kuonekwa kwekutanga yezvinetso zvehuropi zvine mhedzisiro yekuona kuti ikubatsire kuona zviratidzo zvekunyevera, isati yanyanya kunonoka. MemTrax™ inokurumidza, yakapusa, uye inogona kushandiswa chero kupi - chero nguva.

100% Anonymous | Hapana Chikwereti Kadhi Inodiwa

memtrax mushandisi testemonial kubva kuminerva

"Ndave ndichishandisa izvi kwemakore 8 uye peji yangu yepurogiramu yakazadzwa nemigumisiro yakanaka uye yakaipa. Kucherechedza maitiro muzvikoro zvangu chimwe chinhu chandakanga ndisingatarisiri, chinonzwisisa zvikuru! Dr. Ashford ave ane mutsa mukutsanangura zvose pamusoro pemuedzo uyu wekuyeuka. . Edza izvi."

Minerva Gaynor

High School Math uye STEM
memtrax mushandisi testemonial

"Ndinotenda Dr. Ashford neboka iri rinoshamisa. Muedzo weMemTrax ndiyo chiyero chegoridhe chekuyera unyanzvi hwekuyeuka. Unogona kuiwana pawebsite yeAlzheimer's Foundation of America."

Carole Carson

Munyori, AARP webhusaiti mubatsiri
memtrax memory tester

"Uyu muyedzo wakanakisa wendangariro unopfuura nemiedzo yakawanda inowanikwa muwebhu. Zvakare, ini ndinoona bvunzo yacho ichinakidza uye idambudziko chairo kwauri. Ndakatora BP yangu nguva nenguva kuti ndione kuti moyo wangu uri kuita sei kwemakore, uye ikozvino kushandisa MemTrax nguva dzose ndinogona kuona kuti uropi hwangu huri kuita sei. "

Jorge Manuel Ribeiro

Retired
memory bvunzo

100% Anonymous

Reliable Chengetedzo

memory bvunzo

Kuvimbwa naVanachiremba Vepamusoro

Pasi rese

memory bvunzo

Hapana Kadhi rechikwereti

Njodzi Yemahara Muedzo

memory bvunzo

Inosanganisira Munyika Yose

+120 Shanduro dzeMutauro

Kuvimbwa naVanachiremba Vepamusoro uye Vasiri Mhindu

memory bvunzo

Dr. J. Wesson Ashford MD Ph,D.

Stanford Research & Veterans Affairs Hospital Psychiatrist

memory bvunzo

Charles Fuschillo Jr.

Iyo Alzheimer's Foundation yeAmerica

Chief Executive Officer

memory bvunzo

Dr. Amos Adare MD

Neurosurgeon

Neurosurgery paYale Medicine

Stanford IRB Research Memory Test
Alzheimers Foundation MemTrax Partnership
memory bvunzo

Memory Muedzo nokuda Kuvandudzwa Care

Ziva Matambudziko Europi Kare

Tarisa iwe ndangariro kazhinji, tora chaiyo mufananidzo wendangariro yako kupfuuridza nguva.

Chengetedza Kurasika Kwendangariro

Kuonekwa kwekutanga kwakakosha pakukurumidza kupindira uye nehanya zvinogona wedzera makore kuupenyu hwako.

Unlimited Memory Miedzo

Kwete kumirira. Tora unlimited memory bvunzo: 24 / 7 chero nguva, chero nzvimbo.

kunakidzwa nekuyedzwa kwendangariro

Yeuko Yako Yakanaka Sei? Muedzo Wekuyeuka Wese

Yeuko Yako Yakanaka Sei? A Memory Test kubva kune zvakanakira Yakanaka sei ndangariro yako yenguva pfupi? ...
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memtrax mushandisi testemonial kubva kuminerva

Minerva Gaynor

High School Math uye STEM

"Ndave ndichishandisa izvi kwemakore 8 uye peji yangu yepurogiramu yakazadzwa nemigumisiro yakanaka uye yakaipa. Kucherechedza maitiro muzvikoro zvangu chimwe chinhu chandakanga ndisingatarisiri, chinonzwisisa zvikuru! Dr. Ashford ave ane mutsa mukutsanangura zvose pamusoro pemuedzo uyu wekuyeuka. . Edza izvi."

memtrax mushandisi testemonial

Carole Carson

Munyori, AARP webhusaiti mubatsiri

"Ndakanga ndisina chokwadi nekuvimbika kwayo ... asi ndakanga ndisina kururama, saka ndinofanira kugadzirisa rekodhi. Muedzo weMemTrax ndiyo chiyero chegoridhe chekuyera unyanzvi hwekuyeuka. Unogona kuiwana pawebsite yeAlzheimer's Foundation of America ... " - Verenga Chinyorwa - Dzvanya HERE

memtrax memory tester

Jorge Manuel Ribeiro

First MemTrax Member

"Uyu muyedzo wakanakisa wendangariro unopfuura nemiedzo yakawanda inowanikwa muwebhu. Zvakare, ini ndinoona bvunzo yacho ichinakidza uye idambudziko chairo kwauri. Ndakatora BP yangu nguva nenguva kuti ndione kuti moyo wangu uri kuita sei kwemakore, uye ikozvino kushandisa MemTrax nguva dzose ndinogona kuona kuti uropi hwangu huri kuita sei. "

Memory Muedzo wakagadzirirwa kutevera kwenguva refu.

Our mufananidzo Memory Test ndiyo mafaro, pfupi, uye inodzidzisa ne runako mifananidzo mitsva pese paunoitora zvakare.

Dhizaini iri nyore kushandisa uye mhinduro dzebvunzo dziri nyore kunzwisisa.

Memory Test: Yakanaka Sei Yendangariro Yako?

Unombonetseka here kuti ndangariro yako iri kutanga kupera zvishoma nezvishoma? Hausi wega. Mamiriyoni evanhu pasi rose anotapurwa neizvi kurasikirwa mupfungwa, izvo zvichangowedzera nekukura kwevanhu. Kurasikirwa nendangariro kunogona kukonzerwa nezvinhu zvakasiyana, zvinosanganisira Chirwere cheAlzheimer, sitiroko, uye kukuvara kwemusoro.

Nhau dzakanaka ndedzekuti kune nzira dzekudzivirira kurasikirwa kwendangariro kana kunonoka kufambira mberi kwayo. Imwe nzira yekuita izvi ndeyekutora ndangariro bvunzo dzenguva dzose. Muedzo wendangariro unogona kukubatsira kuona nzvimbo dzingave ndangariro dzako dzisina kusimba uye kushanda pakuvandudza hunyanzvi uhu.

Mhando dzakawanda dzekurangarira bvunzo dziripo online, uye dzakawanda dzakasununguka kushandisa. Saka wadii kumboyedza nhasi? Ringava danho rokutanga mukuchengetedza ndangariro dzako dzinokosha kwemakore anotevera!

Chii chinonzi memory test?

Memory test inzira yekuyera ndangariro yako basa. Kune dzakawanda marudzi akasiyana endangariro bvunzo, asi dzese dzinosanganisira kuti urangarire chimwe chinhu uye wozokumbirwa kuchiyeuka gare gare. Memory bvunzo dzinogona kuongorora matambudziko ekurangarira, kutevedzera shanduko yendangariro nekufamba kwenguva, kana kungoona kunaka kwendangariro dzako.

Kurangarira kwako kwakanaka sei?

Kurasika kwendangariro idambudziko rinowanzoitika patinenge tichikura, asi waizviziva here kuti Chirwere cheAlzheimer ndiyo yakajairika nzira yedementia?

Iyo Alzheimer's Foundation inopa yemahara ndangariro bvunzo kuti ikubatsire kuona kuti yakanaka sei ndangariro yako parizvino. Muedzo uyu unogona kukubatsira kuti unzwisise njodzi yako yenguva yemberi yechirwere cheAlzheimer.

Kushaya hope: kana usina kurara zvakakwana, zvidzidzo zvakaratidza kuti izvi zvinogona kukanganisa ndangariro yako.

Kushungurudzika uye / kana kuzvidya mwoyo: kazhinji kushungurudzika uye kuzvidya mwoyo kunokonzerwa nemanzwiro ekuremerwa, uye sezvo pfungwa dzinoedza kutsungirira, zvinogona kuita kuti zvive zvakaoma kuti iwe uise pfungwa uye uyeuke zvinhu.

Chii chinonzi chiyeuchidzo chenguva pfupi?

Yenguva pfupi yekurangarira bvunzo bvunzo inoyera kugona kwako kurangarira ruzivo munguva pfupi. Kunowanzobatanidza kurangarira ndaza yamashoko kana kuti nhamba kana kuti kurangarira udzame huri munhau.

Kune nzira dzakawanda dzakasiyana dzekuyedza ndangariro yako yenguva pfupi. Imwe yakajairika nzira ndeye digit span test, iyo inosanganisira kudzokorora runyoro rwenhamba kumberi nekumashure.

Sei zvakakosha kuti uedze ndangariro yako yenguva pfupi?

Yeuko yako yenguva pfupi yakakosha pamabasa emazuva ese sekurangarira kwawakapaka mota yako kana kurangarira zita remunhu wauchangobva kusangana naye. Inoitawo basa rinokosha pakudzidza mashoko matsva.

Chii chinonzi chiyeuchidzo chenguva refu?

Muedzo wenguva refu wekurangarira bvunzo inoyera kuti ungarangarira sei ruzivo nekufamba kwenguva. Inowanzobatanidza ndaza yemashoko kana kuti zvirevo zvaunofanira kurangarira, uye ipapo unokumbirwa kuzviyeuka pashure penguva yakati. Muedzo unogona kusanganisira mabasa akaita sekurangarira nyaya kana urongwa hwezvinhu.

Sei zvakakosha kuedza ndangariro yako yenguva refu?

Pane zvikonzero zvakawanda nei ungada kuyedza ndangariro yako yenguva refu. Zvichida une hanya nekuderera kwekuziva kana kungoda kuziva kuti ndangariro yako yakanaka sei.

Yemahara Memory Muedzo

Unoziva here kuti ndangariro yako yakanaka sei? Zviedze neiyi bvunzo yemahara! Ingopindura mibvunzo mishoma uye ona kuti unorangarira sei zvinhu. Mafomu akawanda anopihwa kuti aderedze maitiro ekuita kune varwere vanogona kutora bvunzo kanopfuura kamwe uye anobatsira kana nekukurumidza kuongorora huwandu hukuru hwevanhu panguva imwe chete.

Ndeipi nzira yakanakisa yekuyedza ndangariro yako?

Pane nzira dzakawanda dzekuyedza ndangariro yako. Unogona kuedza kuyedza pamhepo kana kukumbira nhengo dzemhuri kuti dzikubatsire kuyedza ndangariro yako. Iwe unogona zvakare kuedza kuyedza ndangariro yako ne Kuziva bvunzo.

Muedzo weKushanda Memory Performance

Muedzo wekushanda ndangariro bvunzo inoongorora kugona kwemunhu kurangarira nekugadzirisa ruzivo. Muedzo une zvikamu zvitatu: chikamu chekutanga chinoyera kugona kwemunhu kuyeuka ruzivo, chikamu chechipiri chinoyera kugona kwemunhu kugadzira ruzivo, uye chechitatu chinoyera kugona kwemunhu kuyeuka ruzivo.

Muedzo wekushanda kwehuropi bvunzo inowanzoshandiswa kuongorora kugona kwekuziva. Muedzo unofanotaura zvakanaka webudiriro yedzidzo uye wakabatana nematanho ehungwaru. Dhizaini iri nyore kushandisa, uye mhinduro dzebvunzo dziri nyore kunzwisisa.

Kukunda Matambudziko Endangariro

Tese tinoziva kuti ndangariro inokosha. Pamusoro pazvo, ndechimwe chezvinhu zvinoita kuti tive vanhu. Asi chii chinoitika apo ndangariro dzedu dzinotanga kutikundikana?

Nyaya dzinoverengeka dzekuziva dzinogona kutungamirira kumatambudziko ehuropi. Izvi zvinosanganisira:

  • Alzheimer's
  • dementia
  • kuora kwepfungwa
  • Kurohwa

Sezvineiwo, kune nzira dzinoverengeka dzekuyedza nyaya idzi. Uye nerubatsiro rwemishonga yemazuva ano, tinogona kazhinji kuvakunda.

Saka, kana uchinetseka pamusoro pekuyeuka kwako, usatya kutora bvunzo. Inogona kunge iri danho rekutanga kune hutano huropi.

Sei uye sei kutora bvunzo?

Kubatana pakati pekuyeuka nekuchembera kwakanyatso kunyorwa mukutsvagisa. Sezvatinokura, zvakajairika kuti ndangariro dzedu dziderere. Izvi zvinogona kushungurudza, asi pane zvinhu zvaunogona kuita kuti uchengetedze ndangariro yako.

Imwe nzira yekugara pamusoro pehutano hwako hwekuziva ndeyekutora ndangariro basa bvunzo. Mawebhusaiti mazhinji anopa emahara ndangariro bvunzo dzinongotora maminetsi mashoma kuti upedze.

Iyi miedzo inzira inofadza yekuona kuti ndangariro yako inomira sei, asi inogona kubatsirawo kuona zviratidzo zvekutanga zvedementia kana kumwe kudzikira kwekuziva. Kana iwe ukaona kuderera kwakakosha muchikoro chako kubva kune imwe bvunzo kuenda kune inotevera, iwe unofanirwa kutaura nachiremba wako.

Iyo Instrument haigone kutsiva zano rekurapa, kuongororwa, kana kurapwa nenyanzvi yekurapa yakadzidziswa.

FAQ

Ndingaedza sei kuyeuka kwangu?

Pane nzira shoma dzaunogona kuedza ndangariro yako. Imwe nzira ndeye kushandisa nzira yekubatanidza. Izvi zvinoreva kuita hukama pakati pezvaunoda kurangarira uye chimwe chinhu chaunotoziva.

Nzira yekuyeuka sei zviitiko?

Pane nzira dzakasiyana dzekuita izvi. Imwe nzira ndeyekuedza uye kufunga nezve zvakawanda zvakanangana nezve chiitiko sezvinobvira. Izvi zvinosanganisira kuti ndiani akanga aripo, zvakaitika, kwazvakaitika, zvichingodaro. Kana uchinyatsotaura, zvichava nyore kuyeuka chiitiko chacho.

Imwe nzira yekuita izvi ndeyekufunga nezve chiitiko sengano. Izvi zvinoreva kufunga nezvezvakaitika pamberi uye shure kwechiitiko uye nevatambi vakuru vanobatanidzwa. Izvi zvinogona kukubatsira kuyeuka chiitiko zvakanyanya, izvo zvinogona kuve nyore kune vamwe vanhu.

Chii chinonzi 5-word memory test?

Tsvagiridzo pane ino saiti inobva kubazi rezvepfungwa paYunivhesiti yeWashington. Muedzo unonzi "free recall" memory test.

Unoratidzwa rondedzero yemazwi mashanu kwemasekonzi maviri, wozokumbirwa kunyora pasi akawanda emazwi aungarangarira. Pashure pacho, unopiwa rumwe rudungwe rwemashoko mashanu uye wokumbirwa kunyora pasi akawanda emashoko sezvaungarangarira.

Tsvagiridzo inoratidza kuti vanhu vanogona kurangarira mamwe mazwi kubva murunyorwa rwechipiri pane kubva kune yekutanga. Izvi zvinodaro nekuti rondedzero yekutanga yemazwi inotora "working memory space" uye inodzivirira vanhu kurangarira mazwi kubva parunyorwa rwechipiri.

Ndeipi bvunzo yakanakisa yendangariro?

Mhinduro kumubvunzo uyu inotsamira pane zvauri kutsvaga mukuyedzwa kwendangariro. Kana iwe uchitsvaga kuongororwa kwakajairwa kwendangariro yako, akati wandei ehuchenjeri bvunzo dzinosanganisira ndangariro zviyero. Iyi bvunzo, zvisinei, inokupa chete mufananidzo wezvako zvazvino uye haigone kufanotaura kuita kweramangwana kana shanduko mundangariro.

Ndinoziva sei kana ndangariro dzangu dzichitadza?

Pane mashoma akakosha zviratidzo uye zviratidzo zvekuti ndangariro yako inogona kusashanda sezvayaimboita. Imwe ndeyekuti kangani iwe unofanirwa kukumbira vanhu kuti vazvidzokorore kana kukupa ruzivo rwaunofanira kurangarira asi usingaiti. Kana izvi zvikaitika kakawanda, zvinogona kuratidza kuti ndangariro yako haisiriyo yayaimbova.

Chimwe chiratidzo chekuti ndangariro yako inogona kunge iri kutsvedza ndeye kana ukatanga kukanganwa zvinhu zvakakosha, sepaunoisa makiyi ako kana kuti inguvai yekugadzwa kwachiremba. Kana uchifanira kutsamira pamanotsi uye zviyeuchidzo kupfuura zvawaimboita, ingava nguva yokuona chiremba nezvendangariro yako.

Chiremba anogona kuita ongororo dzinoverengeka kuti aone kana kurasikirwa kwako kwedata kunokonzerwa nekuchembera chaiko kana chiri chimwe chinhu chakakomba. Miedzo iyi inowanzo sanganisira kuyeuka rondedzero yemazwi kana manhamba uye inogona kusanganisira mibvunzo nezvezvichangobva kuitika.

Kana uine hanya nezvekurapa kwako ndangariro, chinhu chakanakisa kuita kutaura nachiremba wako. Vanogona kukubatsira kuona kana kurasikirwa kwako kwendangariro kwakajairwa kana chiri chinhu chinoda kuongororwa zvakare.

Mhando dzendangariro

Kune marudzi akawanda endangariro. Idzi mhando dzendangariro dzinobatira chinangwa chaicho mukutibatsira kurangarira ruzivo. Kana iwe uchida kudzidza nezvemhando dzakasiyana dzendangariro zvakadzama tinopinda mazviri zvakadzama muchinyorwa - Mhando Dzakasiyana Dzendangariro.

Iyo Human Memory Systems

Ndangariro yemunhu inonakidza, uye masayendisiti achiri kushanda kuti anzwisise quirks uye kugona kwayo. Ndangariro inogona kukamurwa zvakafara kuva marudzi matatu: ndangariro yekushanda, ndangariro yenguva pfupi, uye ndangariro yenguva refu.

Ko ndangariro dzemunhu dzinoshanda sei?

Iko kushanda ndangariro ndiko uko ruzivo rwunonyatsogadziriswa uye nekushandurwa. Kuyeuka kwenguva pfupi ndiko uko mashoko anochengetwa kwenguva pfupi, somuenzaniso, paunenge uchidzokorora nhamba yefoni kwauri kuti ugoiyeuka. Murangariro wokunzwa unorangarira mashoko anonzwisiswa kupfurikidza nemirangariro, zvakadai sokunzwika kwenzwi romumwe munhu kana kuti kuona kwechiso. Apo tinorangarira ndangariro, dzinowanzopfuura nomumatanho ose aya dzisati dzachengetwa mundangariro dzenguva refu.

Yenguva pfupi Yekuyeuka Inotsanangurwa

Yenguva pfupi ndangariro, inozivikanwawo sekushanda ndangariro, imhando yendangariro inotibvumira kurangarira nekugadzirisa ruzivo kwenguva pfupi. Kurangarira uku kwakakosha pamabasa emazuva ese sekurangarira nhamba yefoni yakarebesa kuti uifonere kana kurangarira zvaunoda kutenga muchitoro chegirosari.

Yenguva pfupi yekurangarira inofungidzirwa kuti inochengetwa muprefrontal cortex uye hippocampus yehuropi. Yenguva pfupi-yenguva yekurangarira inotenderedza zvinhu zvinomwe, kuwedzera kana kubvisa maviri. Izvi zvinoreva kuti munhu anogona kazhinji kurangarira pakati pezvinhu zvishanu nezvipfumbamwe panguva imwe chete.

Nguva yendangariro yenguva pfupi inofungidzirwawo kuva yakaganhurirwa. Imwe dzidziso inoratidza kuti ndangariro dzenguva pfupi dzinogona kungochengeta ruzivo kusvika kumasekonzi makumi matatu. Zvisinei, kumwe kuongorora kwakaratidza kuti vanhu vanogona kuyeuka mashoko kwenguva yakareba kana vakakumbirwa kuita basa, zvakadai sokudzokorora mashoko acho zvinonzwika kana kuti kuashandisa kugadzirisa chinetso.

Imwe nzira yekufunga nezveyeuko yenguva pfupi yakafanana nekadhi rendangariro. Zvinotibvumira kunyora pasi zvidimbu zvishoma zvemashoko kuitira kuti tigozozvishandisa gare gare. Nekudaro, kana tikasaendesa ruzivo kubva mundangariro yedu yenguva pfupi kuenda kundangariro yenguva refu, inozongozokanganwika.

Yenguva Yakareba Yekuyeuka Inotsanangurwa.

Kune matatu marudzi ekutanga enguva refu yekuyeuka: semantic, episodic ndangariro, uye maitiro.

Semantic memory inoreva kuunganidzwa kweruzivo rwepasirese. Izvi zvinosanganisira ruzivo nezve pfungwa, pfungwa, uye chokwadi. Iyi ndangariro inotizivisa kuti chigaro chii uye mashandisirwo acho.

Episodic memory inoreva zviitiko zvedu pachedu uye ndangariro. Kurangarira uku kunoita kuti tiyeuke zvatakaita nezuro kana kwatakaenda kuzororo gore rapfuura.

Procedural memory ine basa rekugona kwedu kudzidza hunyanzvi hutsva uye kuita mamwe mabasa. Kurangarira uku kunotibatsira kusunga shangu dzedu, kuchovha bhasikoro, kana kutyaira motokari.

Ese matatu marudzi ekurangarira kwenguva refu akakosha pahupenyu hwedu hwezuva nezuva. Pasina semantic ndangariro, hatingakwanise kutaura nevamwe kana kunzwisisa nyika yakatitenderedza. Episodic ndangariro yakakosha pakurarama kwedu uye inotibatsira kubatana nevamwe. Procedural memory yakakosha pakuita akawanda emabasa atinotora seakareruka.

Nepo ese matatu marudzi enguva refu yekurangarira akakosha, semantic uye episodic memory ndiwo akanyatso dzidza. Vatsvaguri vanotenda kuti kurangarira kwemaitiro kunogona kuve kwakaoma kudzidza nekuti kunowanzo kuve kwakajeka, zvichireva kuti isu hatizive nezvehunyanzvi kana ruzivo rwatakawana.

Ingave semantic, episodic, kana procedural, zvese zvenguva refu ndangariro dzinochengetwa muuropi. Nzvimbo chaiyo yezviyeuchidzo izvi haisati yazivikanwa, asi masayendisiti anotenda kuti akagoverwa mukati me cortex. Iyo cortex ndiyo huropi hwekunze kwemusara uye inobata mabasa mazhinji epamusoro-soro, akadai semutauro nekuita sarudzo.

Kushanda Memory Mabasa Anotsanangurwa

Unogona kunge uchiziva nezveshoko rekuti “working memory” kubva kumazuva ako kuchikoro. Kushanda ndangariro imhando yendangariro inobvumidza iwe kubatirira paruzivo kwenguva yakakwana kuti uishandise. Ndizvo zvinokutendera kuti urangarire nhamba yefoni yakarebesa kuti uifonere kana kurangarira rairo yakareba zvakakwana kuti uitevere.

Yakakosha kumabasa emazuva ese asi inogona kuve yakakosha mukirasi. Imhaka yokuti vadzidzi vanofanira kukwanisa kuyeuka mashoko kwenguva yakareba zvakakwana kuti vaanzwisise uye vashandise mubasa ravo.

Kushanda ndangariro, imhando yendangariro inokutendera iwe kubata ruzivo kwenguva pfupi kuti ugone kuishandisa. Iyi ndangariro yakakosha kumabasa emazuva ese sekurangarira nhamba yefoni kana kutevera mirairo.

Sensory memory

Ndangariro dzokunzwa dzinorangarira chiitiko chokunzwa, zvakadai sezvatinoona, kunzwa, kunzwa, kana kuti kunhuwidza. Izvo hazvibatanidzi kugadzirisa uye kupera nekukurumidza kunze kwekunge "yakaiswa" mundangariro yenguva pfupi kana yenguva refu.

Implicit Memory

Ndangariro dzakakwana, dzinodaidzwawo kuti dzisiri-declarative memory, imhando yendangariro yenguva refu isingade pfungwa yekuziva kuti idzoke. Imhando yendangariro yatinoshandisa pakuita hunyanzvi kana mabasa angove otomatiki, sekuchovha bhasikoro kana kusunga shangu dzedu.

Memory Yakajeka

Kurangarira kwakajeka kunoreva rudzi rweyeuko yenguva refu inotibvumira kurangarira ruzivo nekuziva. Ndangariro dzakajeka dzinosanganisira ndangariro dzevanhu, nzvimbo, zviitiko, uye zviitiko. Semantic memory imhando yendangariro dzakajeka dzinochengeta ruzivo rwepasirese, semazita enyika kana guta guru reUnited States. Episodic memory ndiyo imwe mhando yendangariro dzakajeka dzinochengeta zviitiko kana zviitiko kubva muhupenyu hwedu, senge imwe zororo kana yekuzvarwa bato.

Iconic Memory

Imhando yendangariro yekunzwa ine chekuita neruzivo rwekuona. Cognitive psychologist Ulric Neisser akatanga kuikurudzira muna 1967. Akawana kuti vatori vechikamu vaigona kunyatsoyeuka mufananidzo wavakanga vaona kwemamilliseconds mashoma.

Nekudaro, iconic memory haina kukwana. Ongororo yakaitwa naSperling (1960) yakawana kuti vanhu vaingokwanisa kuyeuka zvinhu zvina kubva pane rondedzero yemakumi akati wandei akaunzwa kwemasekonzi mashoma.

Nepo ndangariro yedu yemufananidzo isina kukwana, ichiri chikamu chakakosha chemaitiro atinoita nekurangarira ruzivo. Inotibvumira kukurumidza kuchengetedza ruzivo rwekuona kuitira kuti tigokwanisa kuawana gare gare.

Autobiographical Memory.

Autobiographical memory ndiyo ndangariro yedu yezviitiko chaizvo zvakaitika kwatiri. Rudzi urwu rwendangariro runowanzova rwakajeka zvikuru uye rwakajeka. Tinogona kuyeuka zviitiko izvi 'kuti ndiani, chii, kupi, rini, uye nei. Autobiographical ndangariro dzinowanzova dzinofara- sekutanga kutsvoda kana kupedza kudzidza. Asi zvinogonawo kukuvadza, setsaona yemotokari kana kufa kwemudiwa.

Echoic Memory.

Echoic ndangariro ndiko kurangarira kwedu kwekunzwa kwekunzwa- izvo zvatinonzwa. Isis inofungidzirwa kuti inogara kusvika kumasekonzi mana. Rudzi urwu rwendangariro rwakakosha kuzvinhu zvakaita sekutevera hurukuro uye kurangarira manzwi ekunyevera. Kazhinji inofananidzwa nematepi rekodha- zvinongotora nguva shoma kuchengetedza ruzivo.

FAQ

Tinorangarira sei ndangariro?

Kune marudzi matatu endangariro: ndangariro dzemahara, cued recall, uye serial recall. Kuchema, hazvina kunaka.

Kurangarira kwemahara ndipo patinoyedza kurangarira runyoro rwezvinhu pasina cues. Kurangarira kunoitwa kana tapihwa kukurumidza kana chirevo chekutibatsira kurangarira ruzivo. Serial recall ndipo patinofanira kurangarira zvinhu mune imwe order.

Nzvimbo dzakasiyana dzehuropi dzinoita mabasa akasiyana endangariro. Iyo hippocampus ine basa rekurangarira kwenguva refu uye kufamba kwenzvimbo. Iyo amygdala inokonzera ndangariro ndangariro. Iyo prefrontal cortex ine basa rekushanda ndangariro uye yenguva pfupi yekurangarira yekurangarira.

Ndezvipi zvikamu zvehuropi zvakabatana nekurangarira kurangarira?

Iyo hippocampus chikamu chehuropi chinonyanyobatanidzwa nekurangarira kurangarira. Nzvimbo iyi uropi hunoita basa kuitira kuchengetedza kwenguva refu yezviyeuchidzo. Iyo amygdala chimwe chikamu chehuropi chinogona kukanganisa kurangarira. Iyi nharaunda yehuropi inokonzeresa mhinduro dzemanzwiro uye inogona kukanganisa kuti munhu anorangarira sei chiitiko.

Dzimwe ndangariro dzakarurama kupfuura dzimwe here?

Zvinoitika kuti kune marudzi akasiyana endangariro, uye mamwe akarurama kupfuura mamwe. Semuenzaniso, rangarira ndangariro ndipo paunokwanisa kurangarira chimwe chinhu pasina chero manzwi. Mhando yendangariro iyi kazhinji haina kunyatso kurongeka pane dzimwe mhando nekuti zvinoenderana nekurangarira kwako chiitiko.

Tinogona kuvandudza unyanzvi hwedu hwekuyeuka here?

Mhinduro ndeyekuti hongu; tinogona.

Uropi hwedu hunobata marudzi matatu eruzivo rwekunzwa: kuona, kunzwa, uye kinesthetic. Mhando yega yega yeruzivo rwekunzwa inogadziriswa zvakasiyana nehuropi hwedu.

Murangariro wenguva pfupi unoonekwa unoreva zvinhu zvatinoona. Uropi hwedu hunoita ruzivo rwekuona zvakasiyana pane zvekunzwa kana ruzivo rwekinesthetic. Patinoona chimwe chinhu, uropi hwedu hunoumba mufananidzo wacho mupfungwa. Uyu mufananidzo wepfungwa unochengetwa mundangariro yedu yenguva pfupi yekuona.

Auditory short-term memory zvinoreva zvinhu zvatinonzwa. Yedu ubongo inogadzira ruzivo rwekunzwa zvakasiyana pane yekuona kana kinesthetic ruzivo. Patinonzwa chimwe chinhu, uropi hwedu hunomiririra ruzha. Ichi chiratidzo chepfungwa chakachengetwa mundangariro yedu yenguva pfupi yekunzwa.

Kinesthetic yenguva pfupi yekuyeuka inoreva zvinhu zvatinonzwa. Uropi hwedu hunoita ruzivo rwekinesthetic zvakasiyana pane ruzivo rwekuona kana rwekunzwa. Kana isu kunzwa chimwe chinhu, uropi hwedu nemaziso hunomiririra kunzwa. Ichi chinomiririra chepfungwa chinochengetwa mune yedu yenguva pfupi kinesthetic memory.

Ndeapi marudzi akasiyana ekurangarira?

Imwe nzira yekurangarira yekurangarira ndeyekurangarira mifananidzo kana eidetic memory. Izvi zvinoitika kana munhu akwanisa kuyeuka chifananidzo zvakadzama mushure mekungochiona kamwe chete. Zvinofungidzirwa kuti pakati pezvikamu zviviri negumi kubva muzana zvevanhu vane mano aya.

Imwe mhando yekuyeuka yendangariro inonzi mabasa akaomarara, ayo anoreva kugona kurangarira kuita chimwe chinhu mushure mekuchiona chaitwa kamwe. Uku kurangarira kunowanzoonekwa muuduku apo vana vanodzidza kusunga shangu dzavo kana kuchovha bhasikoro.

Nekudaro, hadzisi dzese ndangariro dzinosikwa dzakaenzana. Vamwe mitambo yemasvomhu inotonhorera zvinogona kubatsira uropi hwako. Vamwe vanhu vanotambura nokusashanda zvakanaka kwendangariro, izvo zvingaita kuti zviome kurangarira kunyange mabasa ari nyore. Kusashanda zvakanaka kwendangariro kunogona kukonzerwa nezvinhu zvakasiyana-siyana, kusanganisira zera, kukuvadzwa, uye zvirwere.

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